WARNING: DISTANT SPREAD OF TOXIN EFFECT
Postmarketing reports indicate that the effects of DYSPORT and all botulinum toxin products may spread from the area of injection to produce symptoms consistent with botulinum toxin effects. These may include asthenia, generalized muscle weakness, diplopia, blurred vision, ptosis, dysphagia, dysphonia, dysarthria, urinary incontinence and breathing difficulties. These symptoms have been reported hours to weeks after injection. Swallowing and breathing difficulties can be life threatening and there have been reports of death. The risk of symptoms is probably greatest in children treated for spasticity but symptoms can also occur in adults treated for spasticity and other conditions, particularly in those patients who have underlying conditions that would predispose them to these symptoms. In unapproved uses and in approved indications, cases of spread of effect have been reported at doses comparable to or lower than the maximum recommended total dose.
DYSPORT is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to any botulinum toxin products, cow’s milk protein, or to any of the components in the formulation, or infection at the proposed injection site(s). Serious hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylaxis, serum sickness, urticaria, soft tissue edema, and dyspnea have been reported. If such a serious reaction occurs, discontinue DYSPORT and institute appropriate medical therapy immediately.
Warnings and Precautions
Lack of Interchangeability Between Botulinum Toxin Product
The potency Units of DYSPORT are specific to the preparation and assay method utilized. They are not interchangeable with other preparations of botulinum toxin products and, therefore, units of biological activity of DYSPORT cannot be compared to or converted into units of any other botulinum toxin products assessed with any other specific assay method.
Dysphagia and Breathing Difficulties
Treatment with DYSPORT and other botulinum toxin products can result in swallowing or breathing difficulties. Patients with pre-existing swallowing or breathing difficulties may be more susceptible to these complications. In most cases, this is a consequence of weakening of muscles in the area of injection that are involved in breathing or swallowing. When distant effects occur, additional respiratory muscles may be involved. Deaths as a complication of severe dysphagia have been reported after treatment with botulinum toxin. Dysphagia may persist for several weeks and require use of a feeding tube to maintain adequate nutrition and hydration. Aspiration may result from severe dysphagia and is a particular risk when treating patients in whom swallowing or respiratory function is already compromised. Treatment of cervical dystonia with botulinum toxins may weaken accessory muscles of ventilation, which may result in a critical loss of breathing capacity in patients with respiratory disorders who may have become dependent upon these muscles. Patients treated with botulinum toxin may require immediate medical attention should they develop problems with swallowing, speech, or respiratory disorders. These reactions can occur within hours to weeks after injection with botulinum toxin.
Pre-existing Neuromuscular Disorder
Individuals with peripheral motor neuropathic diseases, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or neuromuscular junction disorders (e.g., myasthenia gravis or Lambert-Eaton syndrome) should be monitored particularly closely when given botulinum toxin. Patients with neuromuscular disorders may be at increased risk of clinically significant effects including severe dysphagia and respiratory compromise from typical doses of DYSPORT.
Human Albumin and Transmission of Viral Disease
This product contains albumin, a derivative of human blood. Based on effective donor screening and product manufacturing processes, it carries an extremely remote risk for transmission of viral diseases and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD). There is a theoretical risk for transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), but if that risk actually exists, the risk of transmission would also be considered extremely remote. No cases of transmission of viral diseases, vCJD, or CJD have ever been identified for licensed albumin or albumin contained in other licensed products.
Intradermal Immune Reaction
The possibility of an immune reaction when injected intradermally is unknown. The safety of DYSPORT for the treatment of hyperhidrosis has not been established. DYSPORT is approved only for intramuscular injection.
- The most common adverse reactions (≥4%) in adults with upper limb spasticity include muscular weakness; in adults with lower limb spasticity (≥5%)
include falls, muscular weakness, and pain in extremity
- The most common adverse reactions (≥10%) in pediatric patients with upper limb spasticity include upper respiratory tract infection and pharyngitis; in
pediatric patients with lower limb spasticity include nasopharyngitis, cough, and pyrexia
- The most common adverse reactions (≥5%) in adults with cervical dystonia include muscular weakness, dysphagia, dry mouth, injection site discomfort,
fatigue, headache, musculoskeletal pain, dysphonia, injection site pain, and eye disorders
Co-administration of DYSPORT and aminoglycosides or other agents interfering with neuromuscular transmission (e.g., curare-like agents) should only be performed with caution because the effect of the botulinum toxin may be potentiated. Use of anticholinergic drugs after administration of DYSPORT may potentiate systemic anticholinergic effects such as blurred vision. The effect of administering different botulinum neurotoxins at the same time or within several months of each other is unknown. Excessive weakness may be exacerbated by another administration of botulinum toxin prior to the resolution of the effects of a previously administered botulinum toxin. Excessive weakness may also be exaggerated by administration of a muscle relaxant before and after administration of DYSPORT.
DYSPORT (abobotulinumtoxinA) for injection is indicated for the treatment of:
- spasticity in patients 2 years of age and older
- cervical dystonia in adults
Please see full Prescribing Information, including BOXED WARNING.
- Dysport® (abobotulinumtoxinA) [Prescribing Information]. Cambridge, MA: Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc; July 2020.
- Data on file. Cambridge, MA; Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc.
- Differential diagnosis for spasticity. NeuroRehabResource.org website. http://www.neurorehabresource.org/Files/NRR_Differential_Diagnosis.pdf. Accessed April 6, 2021.
- Esquenazi A, Alfaro A, Ayyoub Z, et al. OnabotulinumtoxinA for lower limb spasticity: Guidance from a Delphi Panel approach. PM R. 2017;9(10):960-968.
- Barnes M, Kocer S, Fernandez MM, et al. An international survey of patients living with spasticity. Disabil Rehabil. 2017;39(14):1428-1434.
- Delgado MR, Tilton A, Russman B, et al. AbobotulinumtoxinA for equinus foot deformity in cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2016;137(2): doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-2830.
- Blitzer E, Benson BE, Guss J. Botulinum Neurotoxin for Head and Neck Disorders. New York, NY. Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 2012.
- Delgado MR, Tilton A, Carranza-del Rio J, et al. Efficacy and safety of abobotulinumtoxinA for upper limb spasticity in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized repeat-treatment study. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2021;63(5):592-600.
- Gracies JM, Brashear A, Jech R, et al. Safety and efficacy of abobotulinumtoxinA for hemiparesis in adults with upper limb spasticity after stroke or traumatic brain injury: a double-blind randomised controlled trial. Lancet Neurol. 2015;14(10):992-1001.
- Gracies JM, Esquenazi A, Brashear A, et al. Efficacy and safety of abobotulinumtoxinA in spastic lower limb. Neurology. 2017;89(22):2245-2253
- Truong D, Brodsky M, Lew M, et al. Long-term efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin type A (Dysport) in cervical dystonia. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2010;16:316-323.
- Truong D, Duane D, Jankovic J, et al. Efficacy and safety of botulinum type A toxin (Dysport) in cervical dystonia: results of the first US randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Mov Disord. 2005;20:783-791.